Géza Maróczy

International Chess Grand Master

(3 March 1870, Szeged –  29 May 1951, Budapest)


Finishing his Technical University studies in Zurich, he participated in the planning of the Káposztásmegyer Waterworks. He taught descriptive geometry and mathematics between 1902 and 1919. During the Hungarian Soviet Republic (1918-1919) he was the intendant of the Hungarian National Theatres. He emigrated to the Netherlands in 1920 and later travelled around the U.S. He returned to Hungary in 1927 and became the chess columnist of the Pesti Hírlap newspaper and the captain of the Hungarian Chess Federation. He started playing chess during his high school years. He grew to be the best Hungarian player under the guidance of Jakobi Sámuel. He won his Grand Master title in 1895 in Hastings (UK) by winning the tournament. In 1896 he came second in Nuremberg (GE). 


His most important results:

Munich 1903 I - III.

Monte Carlo 1902 I., 1903 II., 1904 I.

Ostende 1905 I.

Barmen 1905 I - II.

Ostende 1906 II.

Karlsbad 1907 II.

Wien 1908 I - III.


He was the captain of the gold-winning Hungarian Team at the London Chess Olimpiad in 1927 and the unbeaten Hungarian Team at the non official Berlin Olimpiad in 1936. He was the editor of Chess and Pool Billiards Review between 1901 and 1903 and wrote to the Hungarain Chess Periodical between 1905 and 1909.


His major works:

Chess (1907 and 1923)

Paul Morphy (1909 and 1925)

Maróczy's hundert Schachpartien (Maróczy's Hundred Chess parties) (1921)

Die französiche Verteidigung (The French Defence) (1927)

A modern sakk vezérkönyve (Book of Modern Chess) (1940)

A kezdő sakkozó vezérkönyve  (Book of Beginner Chess Players) (1941)

A haladó sakkozó vezérkönyve (Book of Advanced Chess Player) (1942)

Százhúsz érdekes játszmám (My 120 Interesting Parties) (1942)

Így kezdtem (How I Started) (1942)

Végjátékok és játszmák (Games and Endgames) (1943)

Világversenyek élén (In the front at World Events) (1943)

Maróczy tanít (Maróczy teaches) (1945)

A megnyitások elmélete (Theory of Openings) (1951)